Vaccination medicines in Zambia are readily available and largely free all around the country. The main form of distribution is through vaccinations jabs done in thousands of schools and under-five clinics.
Various diseases are prevalent in Zambia to which most people are not resistant. These vaccines are well guided by government policies for a healthier nation. Here is the list of the most common vaccines in Zambia.
Measles – This is a viral infection that’s serious for small children but is easily preventable by a vaccine. The government highly require the measle dose even in older people with signs of no immunity.
Polio – Polio Virus destroys nerve cells in the spinal cord causing muscle wasting and paralysis. If you are in Zambia this is a must vaccine shot.
Diphtheria – Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae and is a serious infection of the nose and throat
Hepatitis B – This virus is transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids of an infected person. It can cause both acute and chronic disease.
Hepatitis A – This is a highly contagious liver infection spread by the Hepatitis A virus and causes inflammation of the liver.
Tuberculosis – Also called TB was once a deadly and scourge infection in the country. It is a potentially serious infectious bacterial disease that mainly affects the lungs. A countrywide campaign is very active to eradicate TB.
Rubella – It is a contagious viral infection easily preventable by vaccine and best known by its distinctive red rash. Its also called German Measles or three-day measles.
Tetanus – Common in developing countries like Zambia tetanus is a serious bacterial infection that causes painful muscle spasms and can lead to death. The vaccine is readily available.
Whooping Cough – Also called pertussis it comes with a runny nose and a cough that sounds like a whoop.
Influenza – Influenza shot or Flu Jabs are available. Influenza causes fever and muscle aches. The virus is common and can prove deadly.
Chicken Pox – Is a highly contagious viral infection causing an itchy, blister-like rash on the skin. Due to the vaccinations in Zambia, the virus affliction reports are rare.
HPV – HPV stands for human papillomavirus and it is the most common sexually transmitted virus. Though usually harmless, some types of HPV can lead to cancer or genital warts. HPV vaccine in Zambia is available in schools and selected community centers around the country.
Yellow Fever – It is not a big problem but the government of Zambia requires proof of yellow fever vaccination upon arrival if you are traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever. Yellow fever is a viral infection spread by a particular species of mosquito and causes fever, headache, jaundice, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue.